The Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities of the Escuela Superior Politecnica del Litoral (ESPOL) prepared a report, published by the Economic Research Center (CIEC), which presents a socioeconomic characterization of users of the BDH and the households in which they live.
The analysis covers the period 2007-2014 and takes as the basis data from the National Survey of Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment (ENEMDU) prepared annually by the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC).
The investigation, which lasted about two months, reveals among its more relevant results than the proportion of households in urban areas that receive the BHD is declining, with greater clarity from 2012.
In 2007, 17% of beneficiary households received the bonus, while in 2014 the figure dropped to 12%, says the study.
Another aspect the analysis observes is that although more than 50% of households receiving the bonus are in the lowest two quintiles of poverty (income level), there remains a large percentage of households that are in the higher quintiles.
Thus, in 2014, 60.7% of beneficiary households from the urban area was in quintiles 3, 4 and 5, and 46.6% of households in the rural sector.
The study also evaluated the poor beneficiary household as defined by the INEC as one that can not cover the cost of the basic basket of goods and services.
In this context, in 2014, 73.7% of urban households and 58% of rural households receiving the BDH was not poor.
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