Ecuador has so far negotiated vaccines for 9 million people (totaling 18 million doses). The first to arrive are those of Pfizer and its partner Biontech, which will send 86,000 doses before the massive process begins, scheduled for the end of March this year.
The other negotiated vaccines will come from AstraZeneca (produced by the British pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford), from the firm Covaxx and more doses will also come (both from Pfizer and AstraZeneca) by the Covax initiative (for equitable distribution of vaccines in the world, where WHO participates).
The 86,000 doses of the coronavirus vaccines for the implementation of the pilot phase in the country will be received in six weeks. With this, the two necessary doses will be applied. In the first three weeks the first dose and in the rest the second.
Between 8,000 and 10,000 doses per week will be received until reaching about 15,000 and until completing the 86,000 doses.
According to the Vice Minister of Health, Xavier Solórzano , the 24 provinces will be covered progressively and will begin in Quito, Guayaquil, Cuenca and Azogues, in about 20 vaccination points.
Caridad Vela, Communication Secretary of the Presidency, confirmed that the flight with the vaccines will land in Quito, then go to Guayaquil, where two batches will be landed, one of which will go to the Austro.
Vela said that the idea is that between January, February and the beginning of March the 86,000 doses will be finished.
Within the hospitals, Solórzano indicated that personnel working in intensive care, hospitalization, emergency, triage will be vaccinated first, especially those who attend the pandemic.
A second factor will be age: first to health professionals who are older and it will go down in chronological order.
In addition, a health brigade will go to the gerontological centers to vaccinate the residents and the staff who care for them.
“As two doses are needed, the first three weeks that we receive vaccines we are going to vaccinate: first dose to the number of people with whom we can cover the doses we receive; and from week 4, 5 and 6, we will vaccinate the same people, second dose… ”, Solórzano said in an interview.
Regarding the training for those who will vaccinate, Rodolfo Farfán, vice minister of Comprehensive Health Care , said that it dealt with the cold chain, how to maintain it, how to receive the vaccines, how to open the containers, how to load the syringe, how much should be diluted and to put on.
Farfán indicated that although vaccination is voluntary, it does require a tacit acceptance of the citizen. He added that in the vaccination centers there will be three areas: preparation, placement of the vaccine and where the vaccinated is seen.
He indicated that mild adverse reactions could occur after vaccination, such as pain at the applied site, redness, dizziness.
“Everything was duly reviewed, traced, and the review of the Critical Route only implied checking that everything is in order; the typical questions that come out when one makes the tour in the territory, not about the big thing, but that there appear little details and that has been fulfilled and the previously established route is maintained. The people who will receive the vaccine are already assigned. The centers and others are organized, ”said María Gloria Alarcón, a representative of the private sector that supports the vaccination plan. (I)