In Ecuador, according to the Child Labor Survey (ENTI) 2012 of the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INEC), 360,000 children under 18 were working, equivalent to 8.6% of this age group. In 2001, children working under 15 years of age were 15.4%, a figure that fell to 2.6% in 2013.
For Carlos Muñoz, president of the National Council for Intergenerational Equality (CNII), the rates are low compared to other countries (Paraguay and Bolivia, for example). He cites, based on data from the integrated system of knowledge and social statistics of Ecuador (Sices) of the former Coordinating Ministry of Social Development, that the number of children who do not work and study increased: in 2007 it stood at 81% and in 2016 at 89%.
Ecuador became part of the list of countries with “significant progress” in 2013 compared to previous years. A 140-country report prepared by the US Department of Labor on child labor in 2014 corroborates this (I).