With the election of Hernán Salgado as president and Daniela Salazar as vice president, the new Constitutional Court (CC) defined yesterday its road map in a first meeting that was behind closed doors. The first step will be the knowledge of the 14,000 causes repressed in chronological order; that is, by date of entry.
Of the total of hanging cases, as EXPRESS said last January, 2,500 entered during the five months in which the body was in vacancy.
The nine magistrates, held in the morning by the plenary session of the National Assembly, were elected in a contest of merits and opposition carried out by the Council of Citizen Participation and Transitory Social Control (Cpccst), with the support of a rating commission.
“Why are there more than 14,000 repressed processes? Why has not the chronological order prevailed? To what obscure interests were preceded?” These were the questions that, Salgado said, all are asked. Therefore, the decision of the plenary session of the Court is that the chronological order will be maintained, with the sole exception of cases in which the Constitution and the law indicate terms or terms that must be met.
The head of the Court also criticized his predecessors. “The constitutional judges are the guardians of the Constitution, unfortunately in Ecuador that has not happened, and despite the benefits of the Constitution of 2008, our judges, with few exceptions, became gravediggers of the Magna Carta in force,” he said. .
It was Hernan Salgado who, in a brief public presentation before the media, presented the four axes on which the work of the highest justice body will focus: independence, zero corruption, speed and in clear, coherent and correctly argued sentences that serve as base to a system of precedents.
The election of the new authorities of the Court had its delay. The magistrates met, quietly, from 11:15 in the morning and only at 15:20 the appointment was finalized.
Nobody wanted to give explanations, since from the morning it was known who would be the chosen ones. It transpired, unofficially, that the lengthy debate was due to discrepancies in the appointment of the vice president.
The Constitutional Court is composed of nine judges who will exercise their functions in plenary and in theaters. They will hold office for a period of nine years, without immediate re-election and will be renewed by thirds every three years.
Together with the main magistrates of the Constitutional Court, the eight members of the bank of eligible persons were also taken over, who will assume the position in case of temporary or definitive absence of the magistrates designated as principals.
The approximately 11,000 cases that were repressed from the previous Court must be drawn among the magistrates for their knowledge. While the more than 2,500 submitted during the vacancy should be qualified and then go to the draw. (I)