Representatives of thirteen countries met yesterday at the Foreign Ministry to discuss the Venezuelan migration crisis, identified as a problem in the region. The meeting concludes today, with the signing of the “Declaration of Quito”.
At the reserved meeting, called by Ecuador, Venezuela did not attend.Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and the Dominican Republic atended.
In the inaugural speech, Andrés Terán, the deputy foreign minister, said that the meeting aims to try to harmonize the response of the Latin American and Caribbean states to the considerable and unusual increase in the migratory flow of Venezuelan citizens, people who leave for a deep economic, political and institutional crisis in his country.
According to data compiled by the Ecuadorian Foreign Ministry, almost two and a half million Venezuelan citizens have left their nation during the last four years, but the situation worsened in 2018.
In Ecuador, from 2014 to the present, more than one million Venezuelan citizens have entered and, in 2018 alone, more than 600,000 have entered and currently more than 215,000 remain. From 2014 to the present, Ecuador has granted 90,000 visas to Venezuelan citizens, Terán said.
Terán and the Deputy Minister of Human Mobility, Santiago Chávez, stressed that this is a technical meeting and an approach on the protection of the human rights of people in mobility and the fight against international crimes derived from migration such as it deals with people and whites, based on international agreements.
“It is necessary to highlight the importance of coordinating proposals and actions to adequately visualize the current Venezuelan migration crisis, in order to manage, obtain and channel the resources and technical and financial support that our countries require, to address this problem that constitutes a humanitarian crisis “Terán added.
The resident coordinator of the United Nations System in Ecuador and representative of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Arnaud Peral, said he hopes the meeting will produce results to protect people in mobility in their rights and avoid expose these people to trafficking networks, trafficking and any type of exploitation. In addition, agreements and solutions to fight against discrimination and xenophobia.
Before the proposed agenda, the representatives of Chile, Argentina and Uruguay asked that, in the regional approach, the situation of the citizens of their countries in Venezuela be also considered.
Argentina highlighted that migration in Venezuela is the product of a deep political, institutional and economic crisis.
The methodology used in the meeting is open panels and dialogues.
What is known?
The topics included in the first day of the Regional Technical Meeting on Human Mobility of Venezuelan Citizens included the reception, documentation and admission into the territory that includes identification and reference of vulnerable cases, particularly children and persons in need of international protection and access to procedures and determination of refugee status. In addition, the legal status and documentation, trafficking and trafficking of people, people in greater vulnerability, socio-economic integration.
The agenda of the Technical Meeting is the prevention of discrimination and xenophobia, which includes access to social rights and services, actions and campaigns for the prevention of xenophobia and peaceful coexistence with host communities and, as a last point, the handling of information: statistics, migratory flows, profiles and needs that includes collection, systematization, analysis and presentation of information on human mobility. The last will be the review and approval of the conclusions and declaration. (I)