The hope of the government of Lenin Moreno to stop the corruption and impunity in the country now falls on the International Commission of Experts against Corruption. Perhaps as a necessary measure pending the conclusive results of the state institutions in charge of detecting, investigating and punishing these criminal acts, decided to go to international organizations.
Moreno announced Monday on the formation of this commission. Yesterday, at 10:30, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Human Mobility, José Valencia, and the Anticorruption Secretary of the Presidency, Iván Granda Molina, were already meeting at the Foreign Ministry, in Quito, fine-tuning details of how the entity would function.
The challenge now is to constitute a group of international experts that will allow the country to fight against impunity, said Granda Molina in front of representatives of international organizations and the diplomatic corps. Among them, the United States Ambassador, Todd Chapman, and the Resident Coordinator of the UN System in Ecuador, Arnaud Peral.
From their seats they took notes in their notebooks. They talked in a low voice. They were also going to find out what this commission was about. Then, Granda Molina continued: his function will be “to support the state institutions responsible for reporting, detecting, investigating and prosecuting acts of corruption in the country.” To this end, they have opened the diplomatic channel, linked to international cooperation, and achieve the objectives.
In addition, a cooperative process will be established within the framework of the prevention of corruption; of investigation, combat and punishment; and the repair and recovery of money laundering. “These are the three fronts that the National Government and the president have proposed,” said the Anticorruption secretary.
But why an international commission? Chancellor Valencia indicated that this is looking for an independent, autonomous, that can even advance in a more efficient and effective way in necessary research to address. Emblematic cases that have caused commotion in society.
And the anti-corruption laws of the country? On hold. Among these, the Anti-Corruption and Protection of the Complainant Organic Law presented by the Executive. The 137 members of the National Assembly accepted the first vacancy in 2019 and will be out of their seats until after Carnival.
However, cases of corruption do not ‘rest’. Right now there is a former vice president sentenced and prosecuted for several cases; There is talk of Odebrecht and of crimes that make it clear that “we have to take actions from all fronts: because corruption exists, there must be a corruptor, collusive pacts, etc., and without a doubt, corrupt officials,” Granda Molina added. Press conference.
The secretary also recalled that Ecuador is a subscriber of the United Nations Convention against corruption and the Inter-American Commission; he assured that they are working on several projects with the initiative STAR, UNODC, with the Geira group for the recovery of money laundering.
The International Anti-Corruption Commission will be advised by the United Nations, the OAS, Transparency International and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). At least that’s what the president said. However, until now there has been no pronouncement of the organisms.
After the intervention of Granda Molina and Valencia (about 30 minutes), the representatives stayed behind closed doors at the meeting. Later, the Anticorruption Secretary posted on his Twitter account that he had met with the National Anticorruption Commission because, he wrote, “we are convinced that only support between civil society and the State will allow us to coordinate and unite our efforts to fight against impunity.” .
José Ayala Lasso, former chancellor of Ecuador
Do you think that a commission like this would interfere in the country’s autonomy of justice?
You have to see how the agreement is negotiated. Currently Ecuadorian Justice must be present in any management that is done in this regard. What is not possible is to put the failed pretext of national sovereignty to prevent indispensable international action from offering credible guarantees.
Do you believe that cooperation can be a solution to corruption issues?
It can be a useful mechanism. The solution must be given by Ecuadorians with neat individual and collective behavior, subject to law and ethics. But cooperation can help to shed light on this path and boost the action that corresponds to us to fight against this Ecuadoran cancer.
Would the intervention of this international commission against corruption offer a solution in the long or short term?
Because precisely the institutions that we have, of national character, have not been effective … it is necessary to resort to international cooperation. You have to do things well so that cooperation can happen immediately and make easier the way for that cooperation to deliver results. It will depend on the attitude of the Ecuadorian authorities.
With high international recognition
The Anticorruption Secretary of the Presidency indicated that it has been proposed that the commission have five members, international experts with high recognition, who diagnose, question, resolve and support … so that impunity is no longer a letter of presentation of Justice.
This process of cooperation will allow the strength of the Comptroller, Attorney, Prosecutor and Justice in order to get action with due process, establishing conditions to strengthen agencies linked to the prosecution of a criminal offense that affects public administration. (I)