Guayaquil closed 2018 with an estimated vehicle fleet of 484,049 vehicles, according to the Municipal Transit Authority (ATM). The figure compared with 2017 was an increase of 62,248 cars in a city of more than 2.7 million inhabitants, which deals with problems of congestion in their roads.
Last Monday it was 09:30 and the vehicle column on the Narcisa de Jesús highway, in the north, almost reached two kilometers on the Pascuales-Terrestrial route.
The drivers advanced slowly under the drift, which would have had no greater incidence in the traffic jam since these are practically common in the proximity to the traffic distributor, between 06:30 and 09:00 as the average time.
The figures of the ATM regarding the vehicle fleet of Guayaquil account for an average annual growth of 45,000 cars between 2015 and 2018. But if last year the record was 484,049 units, Christian Rochina, Head of Statistics of the institution, believes that there could well be 500,000 units in the city taking into account the cars that arrive from outside the city.
José Soriano, resident of Las Orquídeas, north, and who works in a hospital in the south, said he prefers to take the road to Daule and then, in La Prosperina, the Perimetral route. He noted that when he goes by the highway delays in the area of the transit distributor and in sections of the av. Benjamín Rosales and the av. Pedro Menéndez “You lose about 20 minutes,” he said.
At peak hours, drivers reported traffic jams in Francisco de Orellana, Las Americas, Juan Tanca Marengo avenues, among others. Rochina pointed out that they are evidence of that growing automotive park.
“They are potential candidates to visualize this growth, since they lead to habitual places of work or residence, within the city or to nearby cantons: Samborondón, Daule and Duran,” he said.
César Arias, an expert in urban mobility, pointed out that as the automotive fleet of cities grows, they “suffocate, since it is impossible to have more roads for private vehicles”. He said that this is why the municipalities aim to favor public transportation.
“It is more efficient in the occupation of public space,” he said and said: “People in the cities of the future will see more restricted use of cars.”
In Quito, the Municipality launched the Pico y Placa program, restricting in certain avenues and at certain times the transit of cars, differentiated by the last odd or even digit of the license plates.
This, according to citizens, had the negative effect of encouraging families to buy an additional car, to turn the units. “I do not think Guayaquil needs that restriction. There is still work to improve the bottlenecks that occur, for example, in the avenue of the Americas, “said Arias, of the firm A & V Consultores, specializing in urban mobility.
More fluid routes
Freddy Granda, Chief of Planning of the ATM, mentioned that the synchronization of traffic lights has allowed fluidity in main roads. “Cross the av. Quito, between Gómez Rendón and Manuel Galecio (more than 20 blocks), takes about three minutes, “he said.
According to the official, through work at the traffic lights improved circulation in the avenues of the Americas, Francisco de Orellana, among others.
On the old cars, of relatively slow advance and prone to breakdowns, Granja argued that the ATM has fulfilled a specific task to prevent its circulation, more because of the risk of accidents.
Generally, the owners of these cars choose to register them in cantons where the revision is ocular.
In Guayaquil it is not isolated for drivers to find old units and feel blocked by them.
“They produce ‘shock waves’ of traffic that lowers the speed of operation,” said technician Arias, who estimated that restrictions could be applied to the transit of cars that have fulfilled their useful life, at least in the so-called peak hours. .
Today begins the process of vehicular technical review corresponding to the current year and that is executed under schedule. In February, owners of cars whose plates end in digit 1 must be presented. In March, the shift will be digit 2, April 3, and so on. In Guayaquil, the process is in charge of the SGS consortium. The user must process his / her turn entering the portal sgsrevisionestecnicas.ec. (I)