The first to fall, about 15 days ago, was Pava. Then two other dairy cows: Pechiche and Pan Quemado, until they reach ten.
The ‘plague’ appeared on the grounds of Francisco Sosa Lara, in the Chicompe, Balzar, an area where cheese is milked and curdled every day.
Arturo Palacios believes that this disease has walked and could reach the province of Manabí if preventive measures are not taken.
To Colimes, a canton that borders Balzar, arrived silent and disconcerting two years ago. Palacios and other ranchers assume that this problem came with the cattle imported by the previous Government from Paraguay to improve the national genetics. “All that cattle – imported – has died in Colimes,” say the ranchers to Diario EXPRESO, which was yesterday in both areas.
There the farmers report more than 1,000 carcasses in 2016 and about 100 more in Balzar. The Sosa, the father and the son, have died around 30 heads during this year. And they would be more, if not for Geronimo, Francisco’s brother, who put him on alert when he was going to buy two calves.
“Cattle die and people do not report it,” says the former president of the Balzar Cattlemen’s Association.
Last Friday, Agrocalidad took samples of live and dead animals. They took to the laboratory the blood and tissues of Cacho Mocho Hijo, Cacho Mocho, Motonga, Tres Tetas, Pan Quemado and Pato de Monte. The result was the same. They were diagnosed with a parasite: Trypanosoma spp, which is transmitted by insects, lodges in the blood and shortens the cattle’s breath little by little.
The animals from one time to another fall and do not stop, Francisco Sosa assures EXPRESO. Yesterday he had to prevent. Fumigate with insecticide the 150 cattle that still have left and which has cured with a recipe given by the people of Colima (Emicina), who had already been through the problem, and people from the Ministry (MAG). Because according to the farmer, all his cows and bulls are dewormed every six months, vaccinated against foot and mouth disease, against ticks and other diseases. In fact, it is your first experience with this parasitism.
This usually occurs when there are diagnostic errors, authorities note; that is, it can be confused with other diseases. “The appropriate thing is to take an exam.” Mosquitoes, like ematophagous flies, are the mechanical vectors that spread malaria or dengue.
“If the problem is diagnosed on time, it is given and nothing happens.”
Each cow that dies means to the farmers of Balzar between 6 and 10 liters of milk per day. All those who died were milking. Its price, around 1,000 dollars.
“I am 45 years old as a rancher and it is the first time this is seen here. But in this whole area there is mortality. We have not communicated because there are no offices of the Ministry of Agriculture nearby, “argues Francisco Sosa. But not only had he died. The Rizzo lost 48 in 2016. They took 15 quintals of cheese per week, at 160 dollars each.
Fatima Rizzo confirms it. “In that winter, the cows got skinny and did not stop.” It was not any kind of cow. They were of the Brown Swiss and Holstein breed. They died to Pablo Jama (26) and Cesar Rizzo (30), also to Don Macías and Víctor Solórzano. Fatima Rizzo peeled one: had “blood, drool, and water on the hips.” The bofe and the liver were fine.
The flies or mosquitoes inoculate an anesthetic before sucking the blood, so that the animal does not feel. In this anesthetic he is infected with Trypanosoma, which reaches the blood and acts on a red blood cell and bursts it. Thousands of parasites are made.
It becomes anemic
The infected animal becomes anemic, with less hemoglobin and therefore less oxygen transport. The cow dies practically drowned. Lose weight, it starts to dry and may give you a little fever.
The parasite, according to Agrocalidad, is killed by a special product. In some cases (in Chicompe) emicina has been applied to the sickest cows and recovered. (I)