It is the most satisfied country with its own democracy and the seventh country that trusts most in its regime because citizens feel safe.
Ecuadoris among the first four countries in the region on some issues. This is thereport of Latinobarómetro, a Chilean corporation. The study was conductedbetween June 15 and August 2, 2018, and is based on the 20,204 interviews thatwere conducted in the 18 Latin American countries.
Although approval to governments fell from 60% to 32% in the region in the last 11 years, Ecuador is the fourth country that most approves of its regime, with 46 points. This list is topped by the Dominican Republic and Costa Rica, with 53 points each, and Bolivia, with 47.
Ecuador,in addition, is the seventh most trusted in its government, with 25 points outof 22 average in the region. It is also the most satisfied with its owndemocracy in Latin America, with 36 out of 26 average points, according to thereport.
On the economic issue, the perception of the situation in Latin America fell from 25% to 12% since 2013. However, Ecuador is in fourth place with 17 points. This perception is qualified as good and very good, explains the study. While in economic satisfaction, the country climbs to second place with 40 points of an average of 16 that other nations of America have.
Ecuadoralso reaches the first place in the matter of a fair distribution of wealth. Of16 points of regional average, the country has 29 points. Ecuadorians do notwant to leave their families nor live in other nations of the continent.Ecuador occupies the twelfth place, with 22 points.
On the other hand, the study reveals that in the perception of subjective income, that is to say if a remuneration reaches for the satisfaction of the needs, Uruguay and Ecuador are in the first places with 65% and 62%, respectively.
Latinobarómetro reveals that in the last 23 years that the measurement of progress in the region has been applied, there has never been such a big feeling of regression as that registered this year.
In 1995, the perception of net progress went from 21 points to -8 this year. On this issue, in the region, Bolivia is the most optimistic country with 44% of respondents perceiving progress. While Ecuador is ranked 11 with 19%, and Venezuela in the last place, with 6%.
Likewise, Ecuador is among the four countries that consider that they are going through a good economic situation (17%), together with Chile (26%), Uruguay (21%) and Bolivia (18%). While on the subject of security, Ecuador occupies the 10th position, below the average, while Honduras is on the 28th.
The reality of Latin America contrasts with the reading that they have in the Old Continent on some of these issues. According to an analysis of the Eurobarometer of 2018, which is the survey of the European Commission in all the Member States of the European Union (EU), most of the respondents are satisfied with the functioning of democracy in their country, with 55%. And less than half of Europeans, 45%, are satisfied with the functioning of democracy within the EU.
The Europeans, in addition, keep a positive opinion of the economic situation of their continent, with 50%. But perceptions vary among the Member States. For example, 93% of the population in the Netherlands and Luxembourg considers the situation of their national economy as good, while only 2% of the inhabitants have this perception in Greece.
For Marta Lagos, executive director of Latinobarómetro, on the subject of democracy the indicators of this year’s report should be an alarm. “You do not have to wait for things to happen to say they exist. It is possible to anticipate. It is necessary that democracy also have, like medicine, indicators of democratic ‘pressure’, “she said.
Governments, she said, must act before events take place. Hence, according to the report, in countries such as Brazil and Venezuela, the population’s perception of an equitable distribution of wealth reaches barely 8% in 2018.
Incontrast, 29% of respondents in Ecuador consider that the distribution of thewealth is fair, on countries like Bolivia (27%), Nicaragua (23%), Honduras(22%), Costa Rica (19%) and Uruguay (19%). (I)