At the end of November, the names of the organizations that are interested in cooperating financially and economically in the region will be known. On November 23, Ecuador will present an action plan in order to address the humanitarian crisis of Venezuelan migrants. It will do so during the II Technical Meeting of countries of the region, which signed the Declaration of Quito.
The document will also be delivered to representatives of international organizations, including some from the United Nations system and others, of a financial nature. Santiago Chavez, Vice Minister of Human Mobility, said days ago that “the country will make the necessary efforts so that the rights of Venezuelans are protected and guaranteed.”
However, the part that most concerns the country is the search for financing through international cooperation. At the moment, the proposal is prepared and sent to the interested agencies, who will be able to respond during the donors’ meeting for Ecuador, at the end of November in Quito.
At the same time, the Foreign Ministry conducts workshops to identify the areas where economic and financial cooperation is needed. In addition to seeking international financing and cooperation, the plan will contain proposals at the social level, as well as tasks and commitments that can be assumed by regional organizations such as the OAS, the Andean Development Corporation (CAF), ECLAC and Mercosur.
With regard to the United Nations, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), UNHCR and the World Food Program (WFP) are considered. The idea of the plan is to strengthen concrete assistance to migrants through the programs of the Ministries of Health, Education, Inclusion, Interior, Transport and Public Works, Labor and the Risk Secretariat (SGR).
In addition, the Vice Ministry of Human Mobility works together with the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the CAF to establish financing mechanisms mainly to help Ecuador, Colombia and Peru, countries directly affected by the migration of Venezuelans.
Michel Gabaund, coordinator of the Working Group on cooperation, explained that “Ecuador has experienced an increase in the flows of Venezuelan citizens this year. There is also an international movement that recognizes the dimension of the Venezuelan crisis over the South American countries.” (I)