This “metamorphosis” altered the relationship of forces in the parties and movements. According to leaders and experts, dissent is due to the lack of leadership. The practice of “camiszo” (change from one political party to another), is again staged when the country lives the pre-election moment. In Guayas, while within the Council of Guayaquil there have been few disaffiliations, the opposite occurs with the rest of the cantons, where a good part of politicians have migrated to the PSC.
Of the 15 councilors, the 10 of the PSC-MDG remain, including one: Carlos Luis Morales, who left the Democratic Center movement and is now the social Christian charter for the Guayas prefecture.
Lídice Aldaz, María del Carmen Alman and Zaida Loaiza left Alianza PAIS and now declare themselves “progressive independents”, says Aldaz. According to her, the schism within the movement caused the distancing of paintings. For the elections of 2019, the PSC sheltered Cristhian Suárez (Naranjito), former Coordinator of the Democratic Center; Edson Alvarado (Saint Lucia), formerly of the Patriotic Society; Miriam Lucas (Beaches) before Alianza PAIS; Jackeline Ordóñez (Colimes) who arrived at the Mayor’s office for the Avanza party; and Xavier Gómez (Pedro Carbo) was also from Avanza.
All were announced to run for mayor by their cantons. In Azuay Martha Castro, Gabriela Brito Christian Zamora, Xavier Barrera, Carolina Martinez, Iván Granda, Narcisa Gordillo, Ruth Caldas and Norma Illares left the stores that took them to the positions, to military in other movements.
The Council began its work with two benches: PAIS with nine mayors and the Participation-Equality alliance with six. Now it has representatives of PAIS, Citizen Revolution, Podemos, Rupture, Citizen Awareness, Popular Unity, Regional Integration and three independent councilors. Even, the Participation-Equality alliance was broken and there was only one mayor on behalf of the first and three for the second of the aforementioned.
Carolina Martínez, now independent, argued that her disaffiliation was due to her disagreement in a mining project that would affect water sources in the canton of Cuenca. This is not the only case of the jerseys in Azuay.
Of the five legislators that won a seat in 2017, only two continue in the sponsoring movements. Doris Soliz and Juan Cristóbal Lloret arrived by Alianza PAIS and as a result of the division in the movement they disaffiliated and now they make up the Citizen Revolution group, akin to former President Rafael Correa.
On another political side, legislator Esteban Bernal left the Podemos movement to military in CREO. Another change of political party was the one that took place last June with the departure of the viceprefect of Azuay, María Cecilia Alvarado, from the Participa movement, due to disagreements with the prefect and leader of the political organization, Paúl Carrasco.
She remains firm in running for the provincial prefecture and for this she entered into a dialogue with the Democratic Left (ID), to sponsor her in her intention. Panorama in Quito A reverse situation occurs in Pichincha, where the Metropolitan Council of Quito records most of the “changes”.
In 2014, it started with three benches: PAIS with 11 councilors; SUMA-VIVE reached, including Mayor Mauricio Rodas, 10, and CREO, one position. After four years there are five benches. SUMA with two members: the Mayor and Marco Ponce; CREO, with Eduardo del Pozo; PAIS with Carlos Páez, Jorge Albán, Mario Guayasamín, Susana Castañeda and Patricio Ubidia; VIVE, with four (Renata Salvador, Pedro Freire, Mario Granda and Renata Moreno) and 10 independents. The harmony did not last a month from his possession, on May 14, 2014.
On June 5, the integration of the 21 commissions led to questioning Antonio Ricaurte (VIVE). On September 25, Ricaurte resigned the position and assumed his alternate Renata Salvador. On July 5, 2017, Carla Cevallos disaffiliated from SUMA. Now militate in the movement Together We can in Pichincha that leads the prefect azuayo Paúl Carrasco.
The then Deputy Mayor Daniela Chacón resigned on August 17, 2016, also because of differences with the burgomaster. On August 22, Eduardo del Pozo was elected first deputy mayor of Quito. Councilwoman Ivone Von Lippke also departed from SUMA-VIVE.
Another one who left that store was Sergio Garnica, on October 26, 2015. Today he is active in the Todos movement, which created an alliance with the Democratic Left for the 2019 section. In Alianza PAIS, the union lasted nine months.
On February 27, 2015, Karen Sánchez separated. The next month Eddy Sánchez did it. Now he is director in Pichincha of the Social and Solidarity Action Movement (MASS). The councilors agree that the bad relations within the Council are caused by lack of leadership. “I do not see that he (the Mayor) has achieved leadership in the city or in the Council.
There is an absence of the vision of the city, of the planning “, said the mayor Luisa Maldonado (ex Alianza PAIS). Von Lippke says: “There is no leadership of the administrative head of the Municipality.
It would have been ideal to talk with all the councilors, that there should be an opening to present projects. “In other scenarios, there have been no changes of partisan shoreline. Leadership differences For analyst Xavier Flores, the differences in this type of political behavior, especially between Quito and Guayaquil, are due to differences in leadership. “
It is evident that the mayor of Quito, Mauricio Rodas, has a weaker and more confrontational leadership; this is compounded by the way in which citizen participation is handled, which in Quito is more present than in Guayaquil, “he explains.
This type of participation, according to Flores, is perhaps a source of problems for a mayor, because he has to attend to complaints from different social organizations; “In Guayaquil there is greater verticality in the management of the administration and a lower incidence of that participation”. In general terms, this is also observed when the changes of political parties are registered, since in Quito there is a more dispersed electorate and with different actors that enter into competition. The opposite is in Guayaquil, he adds, because until now there are not many people in this city in the arena for 2019. (I)