Without their collaboration, the Office of the Prosecutor would probably never have had elements of conviction regarding the commission of some illegal acts. They are eyewitnesses and some must be front men.
Fernando Lara, ex-prosecutor of the disappeared Unit of Customs Crimes of the Office of the Prosecutor, reflects on the “collaborators” who with their information help in the assembly of the cases.
The contribution “is of the utmost importance, if the donor provides specific information this cooperation can save the Attorney General’s Office years of research and access to information that would otherwise be difficult to obtain,” says Lara.
Cooperators must be rewarded with impunity and with a percentage of what is recovered, says the ex-prosecutor. Ensures that the State, on its own, will not recover almost anything. It stands out that in the world only 1% of the crime of money laundering is recovered.
Between 2017 and this year at least two cases of corruption were revealed through effective cooperation. Evidence Odebrecht’s scheme of bribes in Ecuador was thanks to the contribution of cooperators.
One of them was José Santos, the Odebrecht reporter who told former Vice President Jorge Glas, his uncle Ricardo Rivera, former Comptroller Carlos Pólit, in the scheme of bribes that was implemented in 12 countries in the region, including Ecuador.
Santos revealed the meetings, the supposed delivery of money, places, etc. His testimony was, among others, used as evidence in the trial for conspiracy against Glas and others.
The businessman Képler Verduga was one of the defendants and signed a cooperation agreement. His lawyer, Marcelo Dueñas, recalls that his client helped by providing relevant information to the Prosecutor’s Office “about which a large part of the investigation was conducted”. His contribution represented the penalty reduction from six years to one year and four months.
The ex-judge of Pichincha Luis Fernandez indicates that this figure was introduced in the Comprehensive Organic Criminal Code (COIP) as a way to fight against organized crime.
It is contemplated in article 491 and it is understood as the agreement for the provision of accurate, verifiable and verifiable information, which necessarily contributes to the clarification of the facts or allows the identification of those responsible. Fernandez adds that the fundamental part is to grant a significant reduction of the penalty to be imposed.
There was also cooperation in the corruption plot in Petroecuador. Former Minister of Hydrocarbons Carlos Pareja signed an agreement with the Attorney General’s Office. At least three times Pareja contributed with information that ex-District Attorney Carlos Baca described as ineffective.
In the process of illicit association and plagiarism, the ex-agents Raúl Chicaiza and Diana Falcón involved the former president Rafael Correa and the former secretary of the Senain, Pablo Romero, in the crime. On October 23 Judge Daniella Camacho will decide whether or not to call the four.
Pablo Yánez, ex-collaborator and ex-right hand of the former Secretary of Communication Fernando Alvarado, wants to join the list of cooperators. Offers to deliver to the Prosecutor’s Office all the information that contributes to the case of embezzlement, but asks for protection.
Former president threatens his informers
On October 15, at 09:00, the former president Rafael Correa was to render a version via videoconference from Belgium, the country where he resides.
In his place his lawyer Alexis Mera entered a threatening document, said César Montúfar, the ex-ambassador who denounced Correa and others for organized crime. Montúfar said he is not afraid of threats.
Nor was the testimony of former Vice President Jorge Glas from prison 4, where he is held since October 2, 2017 serving a six-year sentence for illicit association.
His attorney Harrison Salcedo indicated that the diligence was not carried out due to confusion in the transfer of his client to the version. The Office of the Prosecutor must set a new date.
Ex-District Attorney Carlos Baca was also called, but did not attend. Who did show up yesterday afternoon was the former Minister of the Interior and former President of the Assembly José Serrano.
He described as malicious and reckless the ex-legislator’s complaint. Alexis Mera also appeared in the Attorney’s Office of Guayas to give a version. Today the ex-attorney Diego García and others are expected.
In investigations, the figure of the informant that is used by Police Intelligence is also applied.
The Police has managed to build operatives with the help of human sources that have allowed disarming criminal groups.
An informer is the one who denounces, accuses, gives away or reveals information of someone in a reserved way.
The reductions of penalties or protection are, among others, the existing benefits. (I)