Although times change the increase in the participation and influence of women in decision-making follows a slow course . Currently, 24.3% of the parliaments of the States are made up of women.
In Ecuador, they are 39.42% of the Legislative power and in ministerial positions they are 24.7%. However, arriving at these positions does not mean that they have the last word in decision making.
According to the Observatory of Gender Equality of Latin America and the Caribbean of the United Nations, the incidence of parliamentary women is 38% in relation to the ministerial cabinets, the same entity indicates that its influence reaches 24.7% versus 75.3% of men.
A sample is the non-compliance with the principle of parity in the vice mayor’s offices. Although it is required in the Constitution, in the Code of Territorial Planning and in the Code of Democracy, 118 of 221 municipalities fail to comply with the mandate.
” Although Ecuador has achieved international recognition for the constitutional framework that establishes parity for female participation, we still have a long way to go to make it a tangible reality,” says former Gis Godoy.
For her part, the writer Yuliana Ortiz, who participates in collective activisms for the inclusion of women, argues that the changes must be more profound.
“The political task impoverishes women because they do not receive the corresponding support , to this is added their work as a housewife, the paid work of which they are employed and the path in activism as a woman because there is a lack of opportunities.”
However, it emphasizes that the very nature of women means that ant politics are organized and made from neighborhood projects, ventures or plans in favor of their community.
The Study on Women and Men in the UN Parliaments establishes that women work independently of their political affiliation, to achieve the application of norms in favor of the general population.
Leadership and political participation
Women make up 24.3% of all parliaments on the planet.
Globally, until February 2019 there were 27 states where they represent less than 10% of the total parliaments, including three chambers without women.
They only occupy 20.7% of the ministries. The portfolios in which they are commonly: social works, disability, environment, family, and better: trade / industry.
In 103 countries, female representation in local elected bodies varied from less than 1% to near parity, with 50%, with an average of 26%.
Source: UN Women.
States do not prioritize gender equity
In 2016, the UN supported and allocated resources to 82 countries to strengthen gender equality in its development plans and local, national and sectoral budgets . But only 28 nations reported increases in budget allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment.
The lack of investments for gender equality is very expensive, due to the realization of political, economic and social rights, as well as inclusive economic growth. The 2007 Asia-Pacific Economic and Social Report estimates that gender inequality in the region costs almost $ 80 billion a year, mainly due to gender differences in employment and education.
With regard to political education, most of the budgets of women’s organizations are very small. A worldwide survey of 1,119 women’s organizations from 140 countries (2011) indicates that the combined income of 740 women’s groups in 2010 was only US $ 106 million, for an average income of US $ 20,000. This is a fraction of the individual budget of a whole series of international non-governmental associations.