The labor reform takes shape with business proposals
Entrepreneurs raise seven key changes. The Government will present the project in the coming weeks.
Until the first semester of this year, the Government expects to present the labor reform that seeks to increase the figures for full employment in the country. Within the framework of the agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), some guidelines have been advanced that the Government will seek with the reform: to reduce contracting costs, increase the trial time before a definitive link of an employee and eliminate compensation in resignation case.
The businessmen have presented 13 proposals that, they claim, would be included among the changes that the Government will present in labor issues in the coming days.
Changes in the working day
In the first proposal, employers suggest that the 40-hour workday is not divided into five days, but in three and a half days. Thus, employees will have the opportunity to dedicate themselves to other activities in the remaining day and a half and in turn they will be able to count on a guaranteed basic remuneration, says Patricio Alarcón, president of the Ecuadorian Business Committee (CEE). Another proposal is that in the 40-hour day a week can be included on Saturday without having to pay for these hours as complementary. It is proposed to double the production of companies up to 12 hours a day through two shifts.
Flexibility for children under 26 years of age
It is proposed that until the age of 26 the contract can be terminated for any reason or at the discretion of either party with the payment of the bonus of 25% of the salary for each year of service. This, according to the entrepreneurs, would boost the hiring of young people by companies.
The return of the fixed term
Another proposal is the application of the contract for specific work or service, without being limited to a type of economic activity. This would allow generating work places with the possibility for the employer to terminate the employment relationship when the work is completed, without compensation. According to the employers, for the unemployed worker it is important to enjoy remuneration at least during the set time.
Expand the trial period
One of the options for extending the trial period of new employees to one or two years (currently three months), for nascent businesses, startups or startups that are just beginning. Also, employers consider this possibility in case of expansion of new investments or lines of business in existing companies or that are consolidated.
Weekends and holidays
Another of the alternatives proposed by the EWC is to facilitate the hiring of workers who do not have a permanent job only for weekends, in ordinary 12-hour days or holidays. This would facilitate the hiring of personnel for businesses that require more people in those days, such as restaurants and hotels, which expand their operations due to the greater number of customers and diners. This modality can be attractive for people who do not have a job.
Teleworking is another of the proposals considered by entrepreneurs. For this reason, they ask to regulate this form of work and to give legal security to both parties. According to information from the Ministry of Labor, currently, in the country of work 8,500 people under the modality of teleworking. Teleworking currently has two modalities in the country: the partial and the permanent.
Modifications to the approval
The objective is to accelerate the disengagement of personnel with serious faults. The elimination of articles proposing that “in cases of approval the inspector will have, at the request of the employer, the immediate suspension of labor relations, provided that the value of the remuneration equivalent to one month, the same that will be delivered to the worker, if the approval was denied. In this case, in addition, the employer must reinstate him to his job. ” EXPRESO knew that this proposal does not accept the Government. (I)