Ecuador initiated the notification of its official departure from the Union of South American Nations (Unasur), after on Wednesday, October 30, 2019, President Lenín Moreno denounced in “all its contents” the treaty establishing the organization. “The Ministry of Foreign Affairs will notify its decision to its peers of the States that continue to belong to Unasur,” said the Foreign Ministry of Ecuador.
The procedure will consist of the delivery of a “verbal note”, by the Ecuadorian embassies in each capital, to the governments of Uruguay, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guyana and Suriname, which are still member states, and also to Peru that, although notified of its Departure, you have not yet completed the corresponding procedure. The Foreign Ministry added that “the complaint operates or is effective six months after being notified to member countries.”
This document will be signed by the chancellor of Ecuador, José Valencia. On September 17, 2019, the National Assembly approved the denunciation of the treaty, which paid the land for the definitive departure of the Andean country from that regional body. This after the Constitutional Court declared that the denunciation of the instrument required the prior approval of the National Assembly.
This as part of an internal process for the separation of Unasur. The crisis in the organization began in 2017 when the twelve member states could not agree on a new secretary general.
It was later aggravated by the positions found on the Venezuelan crisis and entered a critical phase when, in April 2018, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru suspended their participation and financing.
The organization has a physical and disused headquarters located in the Middle of the World, north of Quito, although Moreno announced that the building will become a university for the indigenous population.
On March 21, the Heads of State of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru met in Santiago de Chile at the Meeting of Presidents of South America, an appointment that led to the creation of a new bloc with in order to replace Unasur.
The Union of South American Nations (Unasur) was born in 2008 with twelve member states of which there are now only five left.