For 118 years Ecuadorians have become accustomed to the figure and colors of the National Coat of Arms, although it has suffered variations in form, background and color throughout its history.
In the presidency of General Eloy Alfaro was finally achieved national identification through the Shield of Ecuador, which was later adopted by Congress on October 31, 1900, by decree.
Newspaper Diario EL TELÉGRAFO covered this event, until its publication in the Official Register of December 5 of the same year. Several symbols are engraved on the upper part of the circle; the signs of the zodiac Aries, Taurus, Gemini and Cancer, belonging to the months of March, April, May and June, respectively.
This, as a reminder of the feat of 1845 where Juan José Flores tried to cling to power and the other sector that would not allow him to do so. It also shows the center of the circle to the imposing Chimborazo from which the Guayas River is born, in which a ship built in the shipyards of Guayas sails, on the banks of the current Atarazana sector.
In the lower part of the shield an ax is observed as a symbol of the republican consular emblem. Branches of palms and laurels appear on each side, originally described in the constituted decree. The consular fasces personify the republican dignity and the diverse advances. Finally, in its upper part is the condor symbolizing the power and ever-increasing effort of the homeland and the pride of its people. (I)