Six months before the sectional elections of March 24, 2019, the Transitional National Electoral Council plans to approve today the Permanent Register of Political Organizations that contains the list of candidates that may apply. Until last Thursday 223 legalized counted.
Article 314 of the Code of Democracy provides that only legally registered organizations may submit candidatures. According to the schedule, this registration must be closed six months before the elections; the deadline is today.
Official statistics, cut to September 19, reflect that in the registry there are seven parties, thirteen national movements, 63 provincial, 124 cantonal, and 16 parochial.
That is to say, 223 political groups that will be able to compete in the next elections, in which 5,663 local dignities will be elected, between prefects and vice-prefects, mayors, urban and rural councilors, and members of parochial boards. And the ten members of the Council of Citizen Participation (CPC).
The transitory CNE will be informed of the reports of 38 political organizations whose files are still pending analysis: eleven are missing legal review, and 27 are preparing the review report.
Counselor Diana Atamaint explained that between August 14 and September 12 last concluded with the review of the signatures presented by political groups to reach their legal status. 1’754,336 rubrics were qualified.
To register a political party, affiliations equivalent to 1.5% of the electoral register of the last multinational election are required. In the case of a movement, adherents equivalent to 1.5% of the electoral record of the last election in the jurisdiction.
For these elections have increased 55 groups (taking as reference the 223 approved until last Thursday). The Permanent Registry authorized for the general elections of 2017 consisted of 168: 7 parties, 9 national movements, 54 provincial, 84 cantonal and 14 parochial movements.
A last survey published by Perfiles de Opinión, which gathered the opinion of 917 respondents between September 8 and 10 in Quito, Guayaquil and Cuenca, shows that 81.54% do not sympathize with any political group.
For the former president of the supreme Electoral Tribunal Medardo Oleas, this reveals an “excess” of groupings, which may have the effect of “problems in the process of organizing and disseminating candidacies during the 45 days of the electoral campaign.”
He believes that legal reforms should be implemented so that these groups acquire their legal status three years before the elections, and so they can train their applicants. (I)