In addition, 3 national movements may disappear from the electoral register because they do not meet the minimum voting percentage in elections. According to the results of the last elections, 4 political parties and 3 national movements run the risk of leaving the National Electoral Registry for not reaching the minimum voting percentages in the last sectional elections.
The legal department of the National Electoral Council (CNE) also identified 20 other provincial and local organizations that also did not get the necessary number of votes or dignities chosen to continue with “life”. The document is not public yet, as the technicians are in the task of contrasting what the Code of Democracy indicates the numerical results of the 2019 elections.
An official consulted said that the preliminary report is ready, but the issue of electoral alliances made by parties and movements in the different constituencies remains to be analyzed. That could save some of them or all from elimination. The Cancellation and Termination Regulations of political organizations provide certain conditions for political organizations to maintain their registration and their participation in elections.
Article 327 of the Code of Democracy establishes the extinction of political organizations: “if the political parties do not obtain four percent of the votes valid in two consecutive multi-person elections nationwide.” He also points out that “at least three representatives must be obtained from the National Assembly; or, at least, eight percent of mayorships; or, at least one councilor in each of at least ten percent of the cantons of the country. ”
In the case of a local political movement, it will be eliminated, if it does not obtain a minimum of three percent in two consecutive elections, in its jurisdiction. According to the review of the results of the last elections, they would have to disappear from the registry Avanza, Fuerza Ecuador, Partido Patriótica, Partido Adelante Ecuador Adelante; and the Popular Unity, Concertación and Unión Ecuatoriana movements.
The political scientist Gabriela Rosas Lanas said that the congestion of political organizations evidenced the problems derived from a weak institutionality of the party system. They also took the name of pluralism to boost the creation of political movements. That is why she believes that reforms to the Code of Democracy and the actions of the CNE are necessary to eliminate parties and movements that did not meet the minimum quotas indicated in the law.
She also stressed that political organizations have been favored by the Electoral Promotion Fund, protection and other prerogatives recognized by the State with the intention of promoting political participation.
CNE Vice President Enrique Pita said he has not reviewed the report for the elimination of political parties, but stressed that he is also in favor of reform to prevent their proliferation. He commented that there should be more rigidity regarding the conditions for enrollment in the CNE. “At the moment we have an exaggerated number of small movements that last a single electoral process.”
Source: El Telégrafo – https://www.eltelegrafo.com.ec/noticias/politica/3/cne-eliminacion-partidos-politicos-ecuador