Internal democracy is torn between doubts and the urgency of time. Political organizations have only 25 days leftto register candidates for the sectional elections on March 24, but they will not be able to do so without holding primary elections.
And they are there, although the yare going at a slow pace. In Guayas, for example, there are 23 political organizations among provinces, cantons and parishes that are qualified to participate in the elections. To these are added the 21 national parties and movements.
But until last Sunday, the electoral delegation of Guayas had only come to endorse the primary elections of four political groups, although others already speak of fixed candidacies tothe Mayor’s Office of Guayaquil and the Prefecture of the province.
The president of the National Electoral Council (CNE), Diana Atamaint, told EXPRESO that candidatures that have not gone through processes of internal democracy that have the verification of the electoral body will not be accepted.
The official said that all 278political organizations that are qualified have to undergo this process “unless they have decided not to participate this time and stay at home.”
However, the road is not easy,said the director of the Democratic Left (ID), Wilma Andrade to this newspaper.According to the Assemblywoman, there was a change in the rules of primary elections before the transitional CNE leaves the commission.
“It’s a complication because we had been working and organizing the primaries based on the previous regulation and at the last minute we had to apply the new regulations,”Andrade said.
In Azuay, only local parties and movements add up to 19 and the provincial delegation has attended six internal elections. In Esmeraldas, of the five registered local groups, two organized the primaries: in San Lorenzo and Muisne.
Until yesterday it was known that, in the first five days of registration open for the sectionals, there was still no registration of candidates at the national level. One of the reasons is that many parties will hold their primary elections on Sunday, December 2.
There is also uncertainty because the conformation of the provincial electoral boards that will be evaluated this week has not been defined, according to the CNE authorities.
Despite this, the leader of Avanza, Javier Orti, is confident that before December 21 his party has registered all the candidates. The same aspiration is Andrade, who considers that, with all the complications, this primary mechanism is more appropriate than the so-called “finger” choices.
There are three types of primary elections: open elections, in which the organization calls the election to all citizens, even if they are not militants; the closed ones are only made with the sympathizers who are registered and by delegation that means that a group of people are in charge of that election.
CNE delegates must be notified at least 10 days in advance of the execution of internal elections in a political organization. The electoral observers will document the process of internal elections and issue reports in case it is necessary to correct some procedure.
The central electoral body of each political organization will be responsible for issuing the results of internal processes and resolve the challenges that arise. These resolutions could be claimed before the Electoral Contentious Court, an organization that has not yet been formed. (I)