November, for the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (Inamhi), is the transition month from the dry to the rainy season.
In general, it is a rainy and drizzle time in the country, but there are other peculiarities within the national territory these days.
Precipitation where before there were none and vice versa; that is to say, there is no rain when there was before. Guillermo Flores, an analyst at Inamhi, details that these situations are subject to geographical conditions and external factors.
In the first area, vegetation levels are considered. “This is very important. In deforested sites, rains become less frequent, ”he says.
Therefore, it is no coincidence that in cities like Quito and Guayaquil, rainfall has different intensities depending on the area.
In the capital, the strongest rains occur in peripheral areas, where there are more trees. The microclimates change according to the elements that compose them, he explains.
Instead, the environmental engineer Boris Malavé points out that these climates are altered by the construction of dams and other infrastructure.
On the road to the Coast, between Guayaquil and Santa Elena, there is a variety of weather conditions including fog and arid areas.
The hills of the Chongón-Colonche mountain range and the transfer to Santa Elena contribute in this situation. In Quito, although the climate was always considered “variable”, in recent years the extremes regarding rainy and dry seasons are more evident.
Luis Maisincho, director of Studies and Research of Inamhi, points out that the capital in the last 100 years has registered a temperature increase of 0.12 degrees Celcius. At first glance the figure does not impress, although a change in temperature like this influences the stability of the climate in the city.
For example, the distribution of rainfall in the rainy season underwent a drastic variation and now the average amount of water expected in the season can arrive in a few days of heavy downpours.
Similarly, heat waves are more frequent and intense. In coincidence with environmental conservation organizations, Maisincho attributes this climatic instability to the pollution produced by the greenhouse gases that invade the atmosphere.